The Commission begins its meeting in Chicago by taking a closer look at the work of one of its predecessor Commissions – the National Commission for the Protection of Human Subjects of Biomedical and Behavioral Research – and the practical impact of its work today. The National Commission’s 1977 Report, Research Involving Children, laid the foundation for the current ethical and regulatory framework for pediatric research.
Alan R. Fleischman, M.D., will speak about the how that work is still applicable today as the Presidential Commission for the Study of Bioethical Issues continues work on its current charge – a careful review of the ethical considerations of conducting clinical trials of medical countermeasures for children. Fleischman is Clinical Professor of Pediatrics and Clinical Professor of Epidemiology and Population Health at the Albert Einstein College of Medicine in New York. He has written, taught and lectured extensively on many aspects of bioethics, emphasizing the rights of individual patients and the responsibilities of healthcare professionals and organizations. His most noteworthy contributions are in the fields of pediatric and research ethics, and the translation of ethical principles into medical practice.
In 2004 Fleischman served as Ethics Advisor to the National Children’s Study at the National Institutes of Health and as Chair of the Federal Advisory Committee to The Children’s Study from 2005-2010. He has been appointed to several national committees including the National Human Research Protections Advisory Committee for the Office for Human Research Protections (DHHS) and the Secretary’s Advisory Committee (DHHS) on Human Research Protections, Subcommittee on Research Involving Children. He was also a founding member of the New York State Governor’s Task Force on Life and the Law (Bioethics Commission) and served for 27 years.
Fleischman was also expert advisor to the Institute of Medicine’s Committee on Ethical Conduct of Clinical Research Involving Children. The committee was specifically asked to consider the regulatory definition of “minimal risk” in the context of research involving children.
Fleischman’s work in bioethics has resulted in over one hundred fifty publications in peer reviewed journals and book chapters, including a book edited with Robert Cassidy, entitled “Pediatric Ethics–From Principles to Practice,” published by Harwood Press.